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2022-08-14
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Transportation packaging information and virtual logistics unit (Part 1)

[Abstract] logistics unit is a packaging unit for transportation or storage in supply chain management. The content of transportation packaging information of logistics unit and the concept of virtual logistics unit are discussed. The application of the concept of virtual logistics unit in virtual logistics has very practical significance

key words: transportation packaging information; Logistics unit; Virtual logistics

information is the representation of the motion state of various things in the objective world, and it is the reflection of the content, form and development of things. Packaging information refers to the general term of knowledge, materials, graphics, images, data and documents related to packaging. According to the composition and use of packaging information, it can be divided into product information, packaging container information, transportation, storage and handling information, green packaging information and other information. Packaging information plays a very important role in protecting products, facilitating circulation and promoting sales in the process of circulation

only through in-depth research on packaging information can we meet the requirements of modern logistics and today's computerized information society. In-depth research, development and utilization of packaging, and if the experimental machine is different materials, the speed required is also different information resources. Strengthening packaging information has become an important aspect of the current development of packaging industry. Strengthening packaging information is an important way to improve packaging design and the overall quality level of packaging, and it is also an important basic work to improve the level of logistics technology and reduce logistics costs. A deep understanding of the connotation of packaging information will be conducive to a more reasonable and effective use and development of packaging information resources

packaging can be divided into transportation packaging and sales packaging. The main purpose of transportation packaging or outer packaging is to meet the requirements of transportation and storage. The object of its packaging information is mainly logistics operations and management personnel. The main purpose of sales packaging or inner packaging is sales, and the object of its packaging information is mainly consumers. The objects of transportation packaging and sales packaging are different, and the connotation and function of their packaging information are also different. For example, for sales packaging information, it is an important function to affect consumers' purchase decisions and then promote sales. However, transportation and packaging information is not. Its main function is to ensure the safety and convenient circulation of products, that is, to ensure the safety of products and facilitate the operation of logistics activities such as product loading and unloading, transportation, storage and distribution

the whole product formed by packaging is called package. In supply chain management, each transportation package is a transportation or storage packaging unit, which is the so-called logistics unit

virtual logistics is an important application technology of computer and network communication technology in modern logistics, which plays a very important role in improving logistics efficiency and reducing logistics costs. The "logistics unit" in virtual logistics can be called virtual logistics unit

this paper will first discuss the content of the transportation packaging information of the logistics unit, and then make some preliminary discussions on the relationship between it and the virtual logistics unit

1 transportation and packaging information of logistics unit

transportation and packaging information is the information related to transportation and packaging. It plays a very important role in ensuring the safety of products, facilitating storage, transportation, loading and unloading, accelerating handover, point inspection, etc. Transportation and packaging information involves many aspects. According to its composition and use, it can be divided into product information, packaging container information, transportation, storage, loading, unloading and handling information, green packaging information and other information. There are two basic forms of information on logistics unit labels. It is used for manual processing and consists of human readable words and graphics. The other is used for computer processing and is represented by bar code symbols. These two forms usually exist on the same label at the same time

in modern logistics, the common transportation and packaging information of logistics units includes the identification of logistics units, the classification of transportation packages, the receipt and delivery marks of transportation packages, the transportation and storage of packages, the recycling information of packaging containers and accompanying documents

The identification information of the logistics unit is one of the most important information in the transportation packaging information. The logistics unit is identified by a standard EAN/UCC code, that is, the serial freight packing case code (SSCC). The structure of SSCC ensures that its logo is the only high-strength plastic peek application field material supplier and 3D printing equipment in the world

packaging classification refers to the classification of product packaging into several grades according to the environmental conditions, distance, turnover times, storage time, transportation, loading and unloading methods, as well as the value, precision and danger of products, etc. that the packaging of products is subjected to when necessary. Packaging classification information is an important transportation packaging information. The military standards of some developed countries have grading standards for military packaging. For example, military packaging in the United States is divided into two grades A and B, while military packaging in the United Kingdom is divided into four grades J, N, P and H

commodity classification marks and other marks and text descriptions in the shipping and receiving marks of transportation packaging are another kind of important information in transportation packaging information. There must be a commodity classification mark in the receipt and delivery marks. The standard for shipping and receiving marks of transportation packaging (gb6388-86) gives the graphics of 12 kinds of commodity classification marks, such as department stores, hardware, chemical industry, culture, transportation and electricity, knitwear and textile, medicine, agricultural and sideline products, chemical fertilizers, food, pesticides and machinery, and other text descriptions, such as supply number, product number, product name and specification, quantity, weight (gross weight, net weight), volume (overall dimension of the package length x width x height), production date The term of validity, production factory, place and unit of receipt, shipping unit, transportation number and number of shipped pieces can be reasonably selected according to needs

the national standard for pictorial signs of packaging, storage and transportation (GB 191-2000) gives the fragile items that need to be noticed and implemented in the process of transportation and storage, prohibited hooks, upward, fear of sun, radiation, rain, center of gravity, no rolling, no trolleys on this side, no forklifts, clamping from here, no clamping here, limit of stacking weight, limit of stacking layers, no stacking Thus, there are 17 important indicative information, such as lifting and temperature limit

in fact, the information related to transportation may also include the provisions on the mode of transportation, such as railway, highway, water transportation, air transportation, etc; Regulations on transportation conditions, such as canopy, sealing, heat preservation, ventilation, stacking height, health and safety measures, etc; The provisions on the allowable transportation duration, such as the transportation of fresh and live goods, should be determined according to the conditions such as temperature and relative humidity in the means of transportation. If necessary, the storage requirements of transportation packages can also be specified, especially for toxic, perishable, flammable, explosive, radioactive and other products, corresponding special requirements should be specified, such as the requirements of warehouses, shelters, open air and other storage places; Specify the most suitable range of temperature and relative humidity, ventilation mode, air volume to be replaced per unit time, and requirements for storage conditions such as protection of hazardous substances; Specify storage methods such as single storage, stacking, and stacking form and height; Specify the requirements for maintenance during the validity period and storage period of the package, and the requirements for regular or irregular sampling inspection; And specify the loading and unloading requirements according to the characteristics, mass size, volume and shape of the package

warning information is another kind of important information in transportation packaging information. In this kind of information, the packaging marks of dangerous goods and the marks of commonly used dangerous chemicals stipulated in national standards (gbl90 and gbl3690) are mandatory transportation marks. The use of warning signs is usually mandatory and clearly stipulated in relevant standards. For example, when the contents will be affected by static electricity or magnetic field, warning signs should be used; For another example, when there are permanent magnetic materials in the contents, it will affect the navigation of the aircraft, and warning signs should also be used when transporting such goods by air

green packaging information has been defined as essential transportation packaging information in many countries. For example, many countries have made clear provisions in the form of standards or regulations on the recycling signs (environmental protection signs) of packaging materials such as paper and plastic or the signs that packaging containers can be reused

product certificate, packing list, list of accompanying spare parts, and other relevant technical documents are also important transportation and packaging information

in addition to the above transportation marks and accompanying documents, the transportation packaging information should also include the type of goods, packaging type, packaging material type and other information

cargo type refers to the classification of goods carried or to be carried on the means of transport according to their general appearance, including liquid bulk cargo, solid bulk cargo, large freight containers, other freight containers, pallet loading and goods to be hoisted and bundled. The cargo type code can be used to record the most external form of the cargo presented during transportation and indicate the most appropriate operation mode

packaging type refers to the shape and structure of packaged goods (complete goods that have been packaged for transportation, including packaging containers and the goods contained therein) during transportation. Packaging types can be divided into bulk, unpackaged bulk (excluding bulk), box (PRISM) hard, cylindrical (cylindrical) hard, spherical (spherical) hard, other hard, bag soft, other or special packaging types. The packaging type code can be used to record the outermost packaging or container of goods required by importers, wholesalers or retailers

packaging materials can be divided into plastic, paper and fiberboard, wood, metal, glass, ceramics, textiles and other types. The packaging material code can be used to record the material making the packaging

from the content of transportation and packaging information of logistics units discussed above, it can be seen that for any material and formula 1 sample flow unit used in injection molding products, as long as the relevant and necessary transportation and packaging information is obtained, It can implement and complete its logistics operations and management, including transportation, storage, distribution and other links

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