The hottest electronic label standard highlights s

2022-08-07
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Electronic label standards highlight security issues and business difficulties

in the near future, people will no longer need to scan the bar codes on commodities one by one to check out when shopping in supermarkets - as long as they walk through the sensor with their pockets, RFID (radio frequency) electronic labels can enable all commodity information to be read into the computer at one time

for the enterprise, the average loss of 4% can be avoided when the goods are transported from the factory to the storage and transportation center and then to the retailer - the anti-theft function of RFID allows the owner to query the location and status of the goods at any time

at the port terminal, when hundreds of large containers arrive at the terminal, people do not need to count them one by one. Containers only need to pass through the gate equipped with data reading device, and all relevant data can automatically enter the computer system - the non-contact reading method of RFID will play an epoch-making role in improving the efficiency of the logistics industry

due to its non reproducible characteristics, it can also be applied to drug labels Li Runsen from the science and Technology Commission of the Ministry of public security told this newspaper: "The second-generation ID cards that people across the country are replacing this time actually use RFID technology - our own technology.

however, from many aspects, RFID is still in an emerging stage that is just starting. At present, there is no unified code, frequency or standard for RFID: in terms of code, uid is the most important standard in Japan, and the electronic product code (the parts of EP are C under the condition of the same dimensional tolerance) Standards occupy a dominant position in Europe and the United States. In addition, the U.S. Department of defense has also developed independent standards

"these standards are recognized by ISO. They are standards in different frequency bands. There is no unified standard yet." Hitachi (China) Co., Ltd μ "Some are read-only and some are readable and writable. Different manufacturers support different standards in different frequency bands. Now, Hitachi has its own advantages in three frequency bands - one of which will be adopted by Wal Mart," said Liang inoumura, head of the solutions division, in an interview with this newspaper

Mr. inoumura said that the complete solution should include chips, antennas, card readers and software, as well as servers that store data. The ticket to the IPv6 Summit Forum held not long ago used the world's smallest RFID chip invented by Hitachi“ μ- chip”。

at present, people have realized that a unified open standard is an inevitable requirement for the promotion and application of this new technology. However, how should the globalized market and the competent authorities of various countries coordinate the standards and the interests and sovereignty after the standards? Can a single standard become a necessary condition for this technology to be popularized all over the world? Is there a space where standards can be compatible? However, its bottlenecks in cost and safety are still waiting for an appropriate solution

behind the standard

now, what all parties are waiting for is the division of China's RFID frequency band standard

"at present, China's competent authorities need to establish China's commodity coding and network management system standards as soon as possible. Whether to adopt the American EPC system or establish China's own d-npc system and Trade Federation with intellectual property rights, which involves national information security, economic intelligence and national sovereign dignity." Xiejianping, chief engineer of the decimal network standard working group of the science and Technology Department of the Ministry of information industry, told me

he believes that if China's logistics industry adopts the identification system and technical specifications of American EPC, it will certainly adopt relevant facilities such as American central database and parsing server. Since China has a large number of export commodities, interconnection with American information management system is inevitable. Therefore, the commodity information of Chinese enterprises, including product output, purchase and sales channels, production costs, etc., is no longer confidential to us EPC global, which will inevitably bring serious security information hidden dangers to the privacy of China's politics, economy, enterprises and individuals

"as the intellectual property rights of the EPC system are owned by the US EPC global center, as the world's largest manufacturing base, Chinese enterprises must not only pay for labels, but also pay EPC membership fees and 'IOT' fees. Tens of billions of dollars of fees will flow out of China every year." Xiejianping said, "in addition, EPC and IOT failed to take into account China's national conditions, such as the application of one-dimensional bar code in interconnection, as well as the use of the system for anti-counterfeiting and the development of modern service industry, and did not take into account China's actual application. As the core technology and intellectual property are in the hands of the EPC global center, it is difficult for China to make 2. Complete the corresponding experiments with suitable fixtures to adapt to China's national conditions."

if the most developed European and American standards for the application of electronic labels are adopted, the game rules of all electronic labels in China's EPC logistics industry - the most core and key parts of the tens of billions of dollars industry: coding rules, transmission protocols, central databases, etc. can only be formulated following the EPC global center, and the development strategy of China's logistics industry can only depend on the American EPC system

the main server of the EPC system is in the United States. EPC will set up the world's only data synchronization registry to synchronize with the data of EPC users. This means that once the main server in the United States has an accident, China's national economic activities will be seriously affected. The commercial benefits after the standards are even greater

according to xiejianping's calculation, if the EPC standard is adopted, China will pay a large amount of channel communication fees to the United States every year in addition to the domain name fees. Among them, registering an electronic tag number on the EPC station will charge RMB 5000 to 40000 per year

"the electronic tag number they mentioned is actually a three-level domain name. It only costs about 300 yuan to register in China." Xiejianping said

on this basis, if there are 60million large and small enterprises and institutions, individual owners and natural persons with business activities in China, even if they charge an average of 10000 yuan per year, Chinese agents will charge 600billion yuan per year. If, according to international practice, agents only have 20% of the benefits, China will lose 400billion yuan per year

"as a matter of fact, the 'd-npc and the Commercial Union', which already have independent intellectual core property rights in China, will give play to its unique advantages as a virtual gate in the field of Chinese circulation commodities." Xiejianping said, "it adopts the technology independently developed by China, and can provide network information data exchange and analysis services for Chinese Mainland, Hong Kong, Macao, the Asia Pacific region and European and American countries. It can also be superimposed on the existing network to provide seamless services."

business dilemma

rfid has become the focus of attention in the industry for its convenience. Experts from all over the world are also making various preparations for the arrival of China's new PE and PP production capacity, which is constantly being released - especially China, which is becoming the most promising production base for RFID label production

however, huangfujin, chief financial officer of Hong Kong trety, may have lost his hope of finding a suitable label supplier in the mainland this time. Although he has already held orders for about 100million RFID labels from Europe and the United States, the cost of 39 cents for mainland suppliers is far from the 10 cents he expected

"the problem is that China's RFID standard has not been determined, the mainland has not yet formed large-scale production, and the labor cost advantage cannot be reflected." Huangfujin thinks. If the cost problem is not solved, who will pay has become the biggest obstacle in the RFID promotion process

Wal Mart forced its suppliers to use RFID with its strong commercial distribution position, which has been resisted by some suppliers, and consumers are more reluctant to pay for the electronic labels used by businesses to control logistics. "They are only willing to pay for labels that can help them understand the attributes of the product - such as providing information such as the date of food production, place of origin and composition of the product." Inoumura said

however, as a vulnerable group, the final cost will still be passed on to consumers

"another bottleneck is talent - once RFID is widely applied, the talent gap will be difficult to make up in the short term." From ouyangyu, vice president of shihuakai e-commerce Co., Ltd., who selected the non cutting rectangular sample, we learned that the company has just reached cooperation with the American RFID solutions company (a specialized company dedicated to delivering reliable RFID data information through wireless links) to train domestic RFID professionals, and can provide RFID training courses certified by iscea, the international supply chain Education Alliance. (end)

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