Overall coordination, pluralism and co governance to promote garbage classification
release date: Source: legal system
● while Beijing has achieved preliminary results in garbage classification, there are also problems such as unscientific configuration of bucket stations in some communities, untimely garbage removal and transportation, low bag breaking rate of kitchen waste, mixed loading and mixed transportation
● we should focus on optimizing the layout of classified garbage cans in the basement area and work hard on services, The way to cancel the garbage cans in the basement without any reason is "lazy politics". At the same time, for the recent high incidence of problems, we need to work harder and innovate from the aspects of mechanism, implementation, inspection, etc.
● the supervision and inspection team will continue to "look back" on the problems found in the previous stage of inspection, widely mobilize grass-roots forces, promote residents' autonomy, and introduce the participation of social organizations; In particular, we should strengthen supervision and inspection to transmit pressure on the performance of property managers who have concentrated public complaints; Focus on law enforcement for mixed loading and transportation
the daily output of kitchen waste doubled, the allocation rate of bucket stations increased significantly, the on duty coverage rate of bucket stations increased significantly, and the clearance volume of other garbage decreased year-on-year. Since the newly revised "Beijing municipal household waste management regulations" (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations") came into force on May 1, the relevant data reflect the characteristics of "three rises and one drop"
according to the regulations, Beijing should never divide domestic waste into kitchen waste, recyclables, hazardous waste and other waste when the oil tank is actually in a high position. According to the investigation of the operating procedures and introducers of the drop hammer impact testing machine recorded in the legal system, while Beijing has achieved preliminary results in garbage classification, there are also problems such as unscientific configuration of bucket stations in some communities, untimely garbage removal and transportation, low bag breaking rate of kitchen waste, mixed loading and transportation, etc
at present, Beijing urban management and law enforcement, civil affairs, streets and townships and other departments are also focusing on garbage classification in terms of publicity, education, law enforcement, services, etc., to promote units and individuals to fulfill their obligations of domestic garbage classification and promote the effective realization of garbage classification
no place to throw hazardous garbage
the basement container is relatively single
Ms. Yao, a Beijing citizen, did not expect that her community did not set up hazardous garbage cans. In order to discard harmful garbage, she must go to the front door of the community activity station
"if the lamp is broken, it's not close to throw it once, and it's not safe on the road." Ms. Yao roast
in fact, the phenomenon of less harmful garbage cans is common in all communities in Beijing. The property owners of several communities interviewed by the legal system said that because the amount of hazardous waste is significantly less than that of other garbage, usually only one community will be set up, and two to three larger communities will be set up
in addition, this phenomenon also exists in the setting of recyclable garbage cans. Most of the more than 10 communities surveyed by legal system, such as mercury Park and Huigu sunshine, have only one to three garbage cans marked with "recyclables"
as for the number of recyclable garbage cans, a property management staff member who did not want to be named said: "there are some waste collectors in the community. Setting recyclable garbage cans at each port may cause idleness. It is better to place other garbage cans with more usage. However, if residents put forward their opinions, we will also consider adding them."
in fact, such allocation quantity is in line with the provisions of the regulations, that is, "residential areas and natural villages should set up kitchen waste and other waste collection containers in groups in public areas, and set recyclable and hazardous waste collection containers at at least one domestic waste delivery point"
however, many citizens, including garbage classification instructors, feel that "the number of seasoning bottles and beverage bottles is still large, and it is advisable to put more recyclable garbage cans, which cannot be set according to the prescribed bottom line."
for the behavior of waste pickers picking up recyclables, the Regulations stipulates that the domestic waste classification manager should stop picking up and mixing the classified domestic waste in time
in addition to the single door on the ground, the underground garage is also one of the main points for residents to throw away the inevitable garbage with fierce competition. In the community basement of mercury garden and Huigu sunshine, the legal system saw that an old-fashioned garbage can was placed at each single entrance or corner, but it did not indicate what kind it was
in the basement of many residential areas, the legal system only sees the setting of "other garbage" buckets. Open the lid of the bucket, which is mixed with kitchen waste, recyclables and other kinds of garbage
some community residents reported that after the implementation of the regulations, all the original garbage cans in the basement were removed, and they couldn't find a place to throw garbage. They also felt that it was inconvenient to throw garbage outside the first floor and then return to the basement, so they simply put the garbage on the location of the original garbage can
according to Li rugang, deputy director of the Beijing Municipal Commission of urban management, in the first month after the implementation of the regulations, nearly 9000 problems were found through supervision and inspection, mainly concentrated in the absence of signs in some communities, incomplete contents, unclassified containers and updated labels, insufficient personnel on duty, and the lack of hazardous waste containers and recyclable containers in a few communities
kitchen waste without broken bags
the phenomenon of mixed throwing is very common
according to the relevant provisions of Beijing garbage classification, before putting kitchen waste, you should first open the garbage bag, then put the garbage in the bag into the kitchen waste bin, and then put the garbage bag into other garbage cans, commonly known as "broken bag" putting
since the implementation of the regulations, the low rate of broken bags has become one of the main problems in terms of residents' delivery. The legal system randomly opened more than 50 unattended kitchen waste bins, and found that only one bucket had pure kitchen waste on the upper layer, and the rest was mixed with other garbage besides garbage bags. In recyclables and other garbage cans, there are also mixed throwing phenomena. In addition to residential areas, in Lugouqiao scenic area, the legal system also saw the above problems in four types of barrels
in the garbage post station set up in Xili community, Shuangyushu, Haidian District, Beijing, staff are arranged to supervise residents to take out garbage every morning and evening. The situation of broken bags here is much better. The staff told the legal system: "if someone supervises, the broken bag can be basically put in, and the middle-aged and elderly people do better, but some young people occasionally speak ill of each other when they are discouraged."
"I didn't know why to break the bag before, but later I learned that it was mainly for more efficient biochemical treatment in the later stage." Ms. Zhang, a Beijing citizen, also said that she hoped to increase the frequency of cleaning and transportation of kitchen waste. "Without small bag packaging, a large bucket of kitchen waste was not tightly sealed, the taste was bigger than before, and she was uncomfortable when putting it in"
according to wentianwu, deputy director of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of urban management and comprehensive administrative law enforcement, in May this year, the Beijing Municipal Urban Management and law enforcement department filed a case to investigate and deal with 795 illegal acts of personal domestic waste classification. The main problems include not putting domestic waste into the collection containers with corresponding labels, dumping construction waste in violation of regulations, etc
as for the garbage classification of business places, Jiangbin, deputy leader of the urban management and law enforcement team of Chongwenmenwai Street, Beijing, told the legal system that they found that some catering units' management training was not in place during law enforcement, and it was easy to mix kitchen waste and other garbage when cleaning the table
for this phenomenon, the legal system found widespread at the beginning of the interview, but many large chain catering brand stores have been gradually rectified and qualified around the beginning of June, while the problems of small catering stores still exist
the Beijing urban management and law enforcement department also found that at present, the problem of mixed loading and transportation of domestic waste from collection and transportation units is relatively prominent. In the previous surprise law enforcement inspection, the urban management team found that other garbage cans in Soho phase I and phase II garbage rooms on Guanghua Road in Beijing were mixed with kitchen waste such as leftovers, beverage bottles and other recyclable waste, while Beijing Liangchen Chuxin renewable resources Recycling Co., Ltd., which is responsible for the collection and transportation, directly loaded and transported the unclassified domestic waste. Beijing Haidian District Urban Management and law enforcement department has investigated and dealt with two illegal cases of mixed loading and transportation of domestic waste, and the illegal unit was the same transportation company. For this reason, the urban management and law enforcement department severely punished Beijing qingrenault Technology Co., Ltd. in accordance with the law
in terms of waste treatment capacity, some street staff reported to the legal system that some qualified companies have limited capacity to deal with toxic and hazardous waste, which is difficult to meet the actual needs. At present, the street has sealed up some toxic and hazardous waste. Some property management companies said that the insufficient transportation capacity of kitchen waste and other garbage was also one of the reasons why they did not clean the garbage cans in time or had no choice to mix them
the grassroots continue to make clever moves
the wisdom of the masses can be seen everywhere
for the inconvenient placement of broken kitchen waste bags reported by residents, the legal system has seen in changyuejiayuan community, Changping District, Beijing that metal "bag breakers" are installed on the inside of each kitchen waste can. Residents can hold the garbage bag and stroke it up, the lower part of the bag will be cut, and the garbage will automatically fall into the bucket. According to the property personnel of Changyue home, their "bag breaker" has been optimized several times to ensure safety while being convenient
beside the two garbage post stations in the South and east of yuandayuan District 5, Haidian District, Beijing, hand washing basins are also specially equipped. According to the legal system, not only residents who throw away garbage come to simply wash their hands, but also children who play in the community will come to wash their hands from time to time
in chongwai street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, the urban management and law enforcement department has held discussions with the streets and property management for many times, and launched a kitchen waste point exchange activity. In view of the lack of participation of young people, it has updated waste classification point exchange products and added electronic products that are more popular with young people. Chongwai street also introduced a third-party company through the purchase of services, strengthened the coverage of the bucket station, and conducted secondary sorting of the garbage that was not put in a standard way on site. For recyclables, the community provides door-to-door recycling services, one can be done
in order to promote all parties to fulfill their garbage classification obligations in accordance with the law, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the regulations, the Beijing Municipal Commission of urban administration and the Beijing Municipal Bureau of comprehensive urban management and law enforcement jointly formulated the Interim Provisions on the administration of unqualified collection and transportation of kitchen waste in Beijing, which clearly defined the operating procedures of "unqualified collection and transportation of kitchen waste", The collection and transportation unit shall strictly control the classification quality of kitchen waste according to the contract. The operators shall make a judgment through on-site visual inspection or tool search. If the kitchen waste to be delivered at the delivery point is obviously mixed with other types of waste, it is determined that the classification quality is unqualified. If the domestic waste classification manager cannot correct in time, the collection and transportation unit shall post the notice of non collection and transportation of kitchen waste with unqualified classification quality on the delivery point or the lid of the garbage can, indicate the correction requirements and the correction period, take photos and keep certificates, and inform the domestic waste classification manager to correct. Within the correction period, the kitchen waste with unqualified classification quality will not be collected and transported temporarily, and the domestic waste classification manager will take corrective measures, After the collection and transportation unit confirms that the classification quality is qualified, the collection and transportation service shall be resumed. At the same time, the regulation requires that kitchen waste should be separated from other types of waste when it is generated, and the water should be drained before it is put in, without
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